The financial consolidation process in a corporation usually begins with capturing business transactions and events and closing sub ledgers into general ledgers. It often involves reconciliations of financial statements from different subsidiaries as well as dealing with minority interest and intercompany transactions . As companies grow, so does the number of entities needing to be consolidated. The consolidation process can be complicated for corporations with multiple subsidiaries and associates, especially when their consolidation system is manual, or not integrated.
Before we discuss financial consolidation, it’s important to note the following definitions (IAS 27):